DBA Sensation

February 2, 2009

Change IP address for oracle RAC public and VIP interfaces

Filed under: [RAC] — Tags: — zhefeng @ 4:33 pm

My company is doing massive re-ip project. So our Oracle RAC ip address has to be changed as well. Fortunately, we don’t need to change hostname, otherwise the story will be more complicated.

1. Current Environment
1). Machine IP:
Node1: vmrac01
Node2: vmrac02

## eth1-Public vmrac01 vmrac01.test.com vmrac02 vmrac02.test.com
## eth0-Private vmracprv01 vmracprv01.test.com vmracprv02 vmracprv02.test.com
## VIP vmracvip01 vmracvip01.test.com vmracvip02 vmracvip02.test.com

2). cluster information:
cluster name — vm10cls
database name — v10c
Instance 1 — v10c1
Instance 2 — v10c2
Node1 — vmrac01
Node2 — vmrac02

2. New IP changing map(different subnet mask too): vmrac01 –> vmrac02 –> vmracvip01 –> vmracvip02 –>

3. steps 1 — change RAC IP settings
1). bring service down, make sure everything was offline except css daemon
bash-3.1$ srvctl stop database -d v10c
bash-3.1$ srvctl stop nodeapps -n vmrac01
bash-3.1$ srvctl stop nodeapps -n vmrac02
bash-3.1$ crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
ora.v10c.db application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c1.inst application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c2.inst application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….SM1.asm application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….01.lsnr application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c01.gsd application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c01.ons application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c01.vip application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….SM2.asm application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….02.lsnr application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c02.gsd application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c02.ons application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora….c02.vip application OFFLINE OFFLINE

2). backup OCR and Voting disks
bash-3.1$ ocrcheck|grep -i file
Device/File Name : /dev/raw/raw1
bash-3.1$ crsctl query css votedisk
0. 0 /dev/raw/raw2
located 1 votedisk(s).

#dd if=/dev/raw/raw1 of=/database/temp/ocr_vote_bk/ocr.bak
#dd if=/dev/raw/raw2 of=/database/temp/ocr_vote_bk/vote.bak

3). get current config:
bash-3.1$ oifcfg getif
eth0 global public –current network for public
eth1 global cluster_interconnect –we are not going to change this

4). delete current public ip:
bash-3.1$ oifcfg delif -global eth0

5). change to new network:
bash-3.1$ oifcfg setif -global eth0/

6). change vip address:
a. check current one
bash-3.1$ srvctl config nodeapps -n vmrac01 -a
VIP exists.: /vmracvip01/
bash-3.1$ srvctl config nodeapps -n vmrac02 -a
VIP exists.: /vmracvip02/
b. Modify VIP component (has to be the css owner, “root” usually)
#srvctl modify nodeapps -n vmrac01 -A
#srvctl modify nodeapps -n vmrac02 -A
c. double verify the changes
bash-3.1$ srvctl config nodeapps -n vmrac01 -a
VIP exists.: /vmracvip01/
bash-3.1$ srvctl config nodeapps -n vmrac02 -a
VIP exists.: /vmracvip02/

7). change the hosts file(on both nodes):
## eth1-Public vmrac01 vmrac01.test.com vmrac02 vmrac02.test.com
## eth0-Private vmracprv01 vmracprv01.test.com vmracprv02 vmracprv02.test.com
## VIP vmracvip01 vmracvip01.test.com vmracvip02 vmracvip02.test.com

8). if the listener is using any IP address, it also needs to be changed.

4. Steps 2 — change OS IP settings
1). change IP
[root@vmrac01]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

[root@vmrac02]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

2). change the default gateway on both nodes (if needed, here since they are in same vlan so i didn’t change them)
[root@vmrac01 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network
GATEWAY= <– here is the default gateway to be changed

3) Change the IP Address’es on the known_hosts ssh config files for oracle user
$ su – oracle
$ cd .ssh
$ cp known_hosts known_hosts.bak
$ modify the old IP’s to the new IP’s

4). restart network (on both node)
#service network restart

5). restart crs daemon (on both node)
#crsctl stop crs
#crsctl start crs

5. Step3 — verify everything

1. "How to Change Interconnect/Public Interface IP or Subnet in Oracle Clusterware", Doc ID: 283684.1
2. "Modifying the VIP or VIP Hostname of a 10g or 11g Oracle Clusterware Node", DOC ID: 276434.1
3. "How to change Public and VIP component address in case of RAC?" http://orcl-experts.info/index.php?name=FAQ&id_cat=9



  1. I have been studying oracle and this article is very useful to me.

    Comment by change ip — July 8, 2009 @ 5:50 am

  2. Hi
    Your notes “how to change public and vip interfaces” was very much helpful to solve my problem in one of my Oracle RAC on HP-Unix

    Thanks & Regards
    Ramanan M

    Comment by Ramanan M — July 9, 2009 @ 11:27 pm

  3. Many Many Thanks ! It saved me from lot of stress and not sure without this doc, how I had managed to change IP’s.

    Wonderful doc and very very helpful.

    God Bless you, buddy

    Comment by ORA_DBA — February 4, 2010 @ 9:54 pm

  4. excellant notes. Thanks a lot I am studying RAC and I was just curious about this scenario and just googled it and found your steps. I am now a little more confident about ipchanges just in case.

    Comment by vinay — February 26, 2010 @ 1:02 pm

  5. good tutorial… keep it up ..


    Comment by Prasann Acharya — December 2, 2010 @ 5:24 am

  6. Great ! Its very Helpfull…

    Comment by Gagan Deep Wasan — May 23, 2011 @ 11:35 pm

  7. Hi,

    This was my exam question, still not sure about the answer.
    Any help is much appreciated

    You have a four node cluster with four node VIPS and three scan VIPS already in use after Grid infrastructure installation
    You plan to manage a customer-developed, web based application with the Oracle Grid Infrastructure to provide high availability.
    Which two statements are true about the vip application resource that must be created ?

    a-)The vip application must be active on the same subnet and ethernet adaptor as the interconnect
    b-)The vip application must be active on the same subnet and ethernet adaptor as the public ip address
    c-)The vip application must not be online on the same node as any of the scan vips.
    d-)The vip application must be active on a different node than the application depending on Che
    by using the dispersion start dependecy in the resource definition
    e-) The vip application must be enabled to run as the root user

    Comment by john — November 16, 2011 @ 6:44 pm

  8. After days of trial and error this article helped me to solve my problems immediately. I hope it’s okay that I bloged the similar content for my german audience as well (see http://streetkiter.wordpress.com/2011/11/23/andern-der-ip-adressen-in-einem-rac-cluster-unter-oracle-11g-release-2-11-2-0-3/)



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